Chemical Elements.

The consistency behind the periodic table fascinates me, and Ido’s regularity surprises me. So, why not combine both? Since that now all chemical elements have been named, I tried my best to complete the work that the creators of the International language had started back in the early 20th century. I distinguished the terms I coined with an asterisk (*). I gave a lot of effort and rigour in following the pioneers’ pattern, but I might have left a few errors behind. Please let me know in the comments if you find anything wrong!

1 / Hydrogen / H / Hido (maybe from scientific names such as aldehyde, contracted from L. alcohol dehydrogenatum, alcohol deprived of hydrogen, where hyde means hydrogen)

2 / Helium / He / Helio (from Helios)

3 / Lithium / Li / Litio (from L. lithia, lithium oxide)

4 / Beryllium / Be / Berilio* (from berilo)

5 / Boron / B / Boro (from Arabic bawraq, transformed into E. borax, which then lost the -ax ending)

6 / Carbon / C / Karbo (from L. carbo, coal)

7 / Nitrogen / N / Nitro (from G. nitron)

8 / Oxygen / O / Oxo (from G. oxus, sharp)

9 / Fluorine / F / Fluoro (from L. fluor, flow)

10 / Neon / Ne / Neono (from G. neon, something new)

11 / Sodium / Na / Natro (from Arabic natrūn)

12 / Magnesium / Mg / Magnezo (from magnezio)

13 / Aluminum / Al / Aluminio (from alumino)

14 / Silicon / Si / Siliko (from L. silic-, flint)

15 / Phosphorus / P / Fosfo (maybe from scientific prefix phospho-)

16 / Sulfur / S / Sulfo (from L. sulfur)

17 / Chlorine / Cl / Kloro (from G. khlōros, green)

18 / Argon / Ar / Argono (from G. argos, idle)

19 / Potassium / K / Kalio (from Arabic al-kali)

20 / Calcium / Ca / Kalcio (from G. calc-, calx)

21 / Scandium / Sc / Skandio* (from L. Scandia, Scandinavia)

22 / Titanium / Ti / Titano (from Titan)

23 / Vanadium / V / Vanado (from Old Norse Vanadis, Freya)

24 / Chromium / Cr / Kromo (from G. khrōma, colour)

25 / Manganese / Mn / Mangano (maybe from D. Mangan, Manganese)

26 / Iron / Fe / Fero (from L. ferrum, iron)

27 / Cobalt / Co / Kobalto (from D. Kobalt, imp, demon)

28 / Nickel / Ni / Nikelo (from D. Nickel, demon)

29 / Copper / Cu / Kupro (from L. cuprum)

30 / Zinc / Zn / Zinko (from D. Zink)

31 / Gallium / Ga / Galio (from L. Gallia, Gaul)

32 / Germanium / Ge / Germanio (from Germania)

33 / Arsenic / As / Arseno (from G. arsen, male)

34 / Selenium / Se / Selenio (from Selene)

35 / Bromine / Br / Bromo (from G. brōmos, a stink)

36 / Krypton / Kr / Kriptono* (from G. kruptos, hidden)

37 / Rubidium / Rb / Rubido (from L. rubidus, red)

38 / Strontium / Sr / Stroncio (from Scottish Gaelic Sròn an t-Sìthein)

39 / Yttrium / Y / Yitro (from Ytterby)

40 / Zirconium / Zr / Zirkonio* (from zirkono)

41 / Niobium / Nb / Niobio* (from Niobe)

42 / Molybdenum / Mo / Molibdo (from G. molubdos, lead)

43 / Technetium / Tc / Tekneto* (from G. tekhnētos , artificial)

44 / Ruthenium / Ru / Ruteno (maybe from L. Ruthenus, Ruthene; surprisingly does not correspond with Ruthenia, since it would end with -io)

45 / Rhodium / Rh / Rodio (from G. rhodon, rose; avoids conflict with rodar)

46 / Palladium / Pd / Palado (maybe akin to I. Pallade, Pallas)

47 / Silver / Ag / Arjento (from L. argentum, silver)

48 / Cadmium / Cd / Kadmio (from L. cadmia, calamine)

49 / Indium / In / Indio* (from India)

50 / Tin / Sn / Stano (from L. stannum, tin)

51 / Antimony / Sb / Antimonio (akin to patrimonio)

52 / Tellurium / Te / Teluro (from L. tellur-, earth)

53 / Iodine / I / Iodo (from G. iōdēs, violet-coloured)

54 / Xenon / Xe / Xenono (from G. xenos, strange)

55 / Cesium / Cs / Cesio (from L. caesius, grayish-blue)

56 / Barium / Ba / Bario (from G. barys, heavy; avoids conflict with barar)

57 / Lanthanum / La / Lantano (from G. lanthanein, escape notice)

58 / Cerium / Ce / Cerio* (from Ceres; avoids conflict with cero)

59 / Praseodymium / Pr / Prazeodimo* (akin to neodimo*)

60 / Neodymium / Nd / Neodimo* (from G. neo + didumos, new twin)

61 / Promethium / Pm / Prometeo* (from Prometheus)

62 / Samarium / Sm / Samario* (from Samaria)

63 / Europium / Eu / Europo* (from Europa)

64 / Gadolinium / Gd / Gadolino* (from Gadolin)

65 / Terbium / Tb / Terbo* (from Ytterby)

66 / Dysprosium / Dy / Disprozito* (from G. dusprositos, hard to get at)

67 / Holmium / Ho / Holmio* (from L. Holmia, Stockholm)

68 / Erbium / Er / Erbo* (from Ytterby)

69 / Thulium / Tm / Tulio* (from G. Thoulē, Thule)

70 / Ytterbium / Yb / Yiterbo (from Ytterby)

71 / Lutetium / Lu / Lutetio* (from Lutetia)

72 / Hafnium / Hf / Hafnio* (from L. Hafnia, Copenhagen)

73 / Tantalum / Ta / Tantalo (from Tantalus)

74 / Tungsten / W / Wolframo (from G. wolfram, wolf soot)

75 / Rhenium / Re / Renio* (from L. Rhenus, Rhine; avoids conflict with reno)

76 / Osmium / Os / Osmio (from G. osmē, smell)

77 / Iridium / Ir / Iridio (from L. irid-, rainbow; avoids conflict with irido and iriso)

78 / Platinum / Pt / Platino (from S. platina, silver)

79 / Gold / Au / Oro (from L. aurum, gold)

80 / Mercury / Hg / Merkurio (from Mercury)

81 / Thallium / Tl / Talio (from talo)

82 / Lead / Pb / Plombo (from L. plumbum, lead; the first O probably comes from FIS)

83 / Bismuth / Bi / Bismuto (from G. Wismut)

84 / Polonium / Po / Polonio* (from Polonia)

85 / Astatine / At / Astato* (from G. astatos, unstable)

86 / Radon / Rn / Radono* (akin to argono)

87 / Francium / Fr / Francio* (from Francia)

88 / Radium / Ra / Radiumo (from radio)

89 / Actinium / Ac / Aktino* (from G. actin-, ray)

90 / Thorium / Th / Torio (from Thor; avoids conflict with toro)

91 / Protactinium / Pa / Protaktino* (akin to actinium)

92 / Uranium / U / Urano (from Uranus)

93 / Neptunium / Np / Neptuno* (from Neptune)

94 / Plutonium / Pu / Plutono* (from G. Ploutōn, Pluto)

95 / Americium / Am / Ameriko* (from Amerika)

96 / Curium / Cm / Kuriumo* (from Curie)

97 / Berkelium / Bk / Berkelio* (from Berkeley)

98 / Californium / Cf / Kalifornio* (from Kalifornia)

99 / Einsteinium / Es / Einsteino* (from Einstein)

100 / Fermium / Fm / Fermio* (from Fermi)

101 / Mendelevium / Md / Mendelevo* (from Mendelev)

102 / Nobelium / No / Nobelo* (from Nobel)

103 / Lawrencium / Lr / Laurenco* (from Lawrence)

104 / Rutherfordium / Rf / Ruterfordo* (from Rutherford)

105 / Dubnium / Db / Dubno* (from Dubna)

106 / Seaborgium / Sg / Seaborgo* (from Seaborg)

107 / Bohrium / Bh / Borio* (from Bohr; avoids conflict with boro)

108 / Hassium / Hs / Hasio* (from L. Hassia, Hesse)

109 / Meitnerium / Mt / Meitnero* (from Meitner)

110 / Darmstadtium / Ds / Darmstato* (from Darmstadt)

111 / Roentgenium / Rg / Rentgeno* (from Röntgen)

112 / Copernicium / Cn / Koperniko* (from Copernicus)

113 / Nihonium / Nh / Nihono* (from Japanese Nihon, Japan

114 / Flerovium / Fl / Flerovo* (from Flerov)

115 / Moscovium / Mc / Moskovo* (from L. Moscovia, Moscow)

116 / Livermorium / Lv / Livermoro* (from Livermore)

117 / Tennessine / Ts / Tenesio* (from Tennessee)

118 / Oganesson / Og / Oganesono* (from Oganessian)

Aktualigo 2016/06/20: La elemento teneso* esis rinomata tenesio*, por sequar la stilo del pioniri (cf. la vorto selenio), nam li konservis la sono final «e/i» dil vorto Greka Selene vice adoptar seleno ed on konservis la sono final «i» dil vorto Araba kalio (al-kali). Konseque: niobio* (Niobe), cerio* (Ceres), prometio* (Prometheus), berkelio* (Berkeley), fermio* (Fermi), tenesio* (Tennessee). Tamen: Vanadio venas de Vanadis, e la fino per -is esas komune remplasita per -o.

Aktualigo 2016/06/21: La elemento disprozio* esis rinomata disprozito* por respektar la Grek origino di la vorto (disprositos). Simile, l’elemento prometio* esis rinomata prometeo* por respektar la Greka nomo Prometheus, ed anke por sequar la vorto original dil elemento (prometheum).

Korektigo 2016/06/21: La elemento zirkono esis rinomata zirkonio*, nam zirkono esas la origino di zirkonio*.

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Gilles-Philippe Morin

Saluto! Me nomesas Gilles-Philippe. Me evas 19 yari. Me esas viro. Me habitas Kanada. Me studias medicino. Me parolas la Franca e la Angla. Me pleas piano. Pro quo vu duras lektar co? Bonvenez!

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